Gynecomastia is defined as the excessive growth of glandular tissue in the breasts of men. It normally presents as unilateral and is seldom diagnosed promptly. Given the limited amount of soft tissue and the unexpected nature of the disease, locally advanced presentations are much more common.
When breast cancer among males is matched with that of the females when it comes to stage and age, its overall prognosis and gynecomastia surgery side effects are just the same. Even if it is unilateral in the majority of cases, it still requires immediate attention and careful work-up plans like biopsy, especially if the patient is 40 years old and above.
Conversely, bilateral breast development rarely represents malignancy and is usually caused by an endocrine disease or as a side effect of specific drugs. Remember, nonetheless, that the risk of cancer is higher in men with gynecomastia.
How to Treat Gynecomastia
Gynecomastia is best managed by surgery, termed as mastectomy and lymph node dissection in the axillary area. Those with advanced disease or involvement of nodes must also undergo irradiation. The majority of male breast cancers involve estrogen receptors and more than half are metastases, which are responsive to endocrine therapy.
The possible sites of relapse and spectrum of response of several chemotherapeutic drugs are the same for breast cancers in both sexes.
This treatment entails removal of glandular tissue and excess fats from men’s breasts. In some cases, surfeit skin will also be removed to make the chest firmer. Patients, before undergoing surgery, are counseled to assume a good and healthy way of life before taking into consideration such major operation as a perfect solution or alternative.
This is an outpatient procedure, but for more serious cases, an overnight stay may be necessary to watch out for any gynecomastia surgery side effects. Patients are sedated and anesthetized. The process normally lasts for a little more than an hour.
Post Operation Effects
Once done, patients may experience some gynecomastia surgery side effects like bruising and discomfort. This can be lessened by drugs; just consult your doctor. Patients are advised not to do the heavy lifting and sexual activities for the first 2 weeks after the procedure.
It is also advisable to desist from any sports or any other situations that can affect the chest region negatively. Patients are expected to be fully recovered within a month’s time.
Just like any other medical treatments, there can be some gynecomastia surgery side effects and these include the following:
- Excessive fluid loss
- Asymmetry of the chest
- Skin rippling
- Pigmentation or variation in skin color
- Loss of sensation in the affected area
Proper assessment by an expert can help if you are in danger of any gynecomastia surgery side effects. If you think you are prone to any of these, consult your doctor immediately.
Also, to lessen your risk, it is best to choose a good plastic surgeon. By getting care from someone who specializes in your case, your chances for post operation problems are way lesser.